direct acid is formulated with a high concentration of glycinated azelaic acid, along with niacinamide, vitamin C and coffee seed extract, which minimize skin imperfections such as congestion, redness, dullness and discoloration. Shake well. Apply an even layer onto face, neck and chest, avoiding the eye area. For best results, follow with a moisturizer. If mild sensitivity or redness occurs, reduce frequency of use until skin adjusts. Wear SPF during the day. Patch test prior to use is advised.